BACKGROUND : The theme behind the establishment of UNO was the universal human desire for peace. Initially a charter was signed by USA and UK on 14 August 1941, which regularized the use of the name of the United Nations Organization. By January 1, 1942, 26 countries of the world had embraced the charter. The Moscow declaration of Octobor 1943, stressed the necessity of establishing an international organization for peace. China, USSR (Russia), UK and USA were signatories to the Moscow declaration. The condition was fulfilled in Octobot 24, 1945 and the United Nations came into existence. The head office of the UNO is located in New York. By march 2000 the membership of UNO rose to 200 member states.
The UNO is a general international organization establish at the end of the Second World War to promote international peace and security. It is second such organization having replace league of nations which was founded after the First World War.
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES OF UNITED NATIONS ORGANIZATION (UNO) :
1. To maintain international peace and security to help in finding a peaceful solution of disputes.
2. To Support recognition of mutual regard for each other's rights establishment of an environment of mutual friendship and people's right of self determination.
3. To help various nations in resolving international economic, culture, social and humans problems.
4. To safeguard human rights without prejudice to colour, creed, language or religion.
5. To provide a central forum for the collective struggle for achievement of all those objectives.
6. To provide a central forum for the collective struggle for the achievement of all these objectives.
MAIN ORGANS OF UNITED NATIONS ORGANIZATION (UNO) :
1. The Security Council.
2. The General Assembly.
3. The Economic and Social Council.
4. The Trusteeship Council.
5. The Internal Court of Justice.
6. The Secretariat.
SPECIALIZED AGENCIES OF UNITED NATIONS ORGANIZATION (UNO) :
1. ILO (International Labour Organization)
2. FAO (Food and Agricultural Organization)
3. WHO (World Health Organization)
4. UNESCO ( United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization)
5. UNICEF (United Nation International Children's Emergency Fund)
6. IBRD (International Bank for Reconstruction and Development World Bank)
7. IMF (International Monetary Fund)